Here is a Glossary of some terms you may hear your Chiropractor use or you may have read about on our website. If you have any questions not answered here please do not hesitate to contact us via the contact from on the booking page.
Usually very painful, but of short duration.
An instrument used by chiropractors to adjust vertebrae using very low force.
The use of pressure on a specific vertebra or other articulation to help restore normal function.
Towards the front of the body.
Inflammatory disorder of a joint.
Top vertebra in the spinal column, known as C1.
Second vertebra from the top, C2.
A bony outgrowth from a vertebra also called an osteophyte.
The seven vertebrae in the neck.
Problem such as a headache caused by malfunction of the cervical spine.
Lasting a long time, often months or more.
Tail end of the spine at the base of the sacrum.
A secondary problem that results from the bodies attempt to compensate for a problem elsewhere.
Stability of the spinal column and pelvic area, due to strong well balanced deep core muscles around the spine.
Area of skin supplied by a single spinal nerve.
Cartilage pad that separates the vertebrae, or absorbing the shock, allowing flexibility and protecting the nervous system. A disc can bulge or rupture but cannot 'slip'.
Large muscle of the back used to pull the body into an erect position and correct forward bending.
Lower or upper limbs, i.e. arm or leg.
Joints either side of the vertebral column that often become fixed and need a chiropractic adjustment to move again.
Being held in a fixed position, with restricted movement.
A passageway or opening on a bone for blood vessels or nerves.
A protrusion of an organ or part through the wall that normally contains it.
Too much movement.
One of the bones that form the pelvis, (hip bone).
A reaction of an area due to injury or irritation resulting in discomfort, swelling and temperature rise.
A space between each vertebra through which a nerve exits from the spinal cord. Also known as the IVF.
A backward curve of the spine, as found in the normal thoracic spine.
Side view of the body.
Tough fibrous tissue that connects bones to bones.
Forward curve of the spine, such is found in the cervical and lumbar areas.
The 5 vertebrae of the low back.
Joint between the spine and the pelvis.
Periodic spinal adjustments to help maintain the patients health.
A method of increasing the range of movement of a joint.
Method of locating mechanical dysfunction of the spine.
Core, deep muscles attached to each vertebra, often weak in people with chronic back pain.
Referring to structures involving tendons, muscles, ligaments and joints.
The nerve that emerges from the spinal cord and exits between each vertebra.
Specific test to determine nerve function.
The jelly like centre of a spinal disc.
Relating to lower back portion of the skull which rests on the spinal column.
Specific test to determine joint function.
Examination of an area by hand.
Muscle deep in the buttock that can irritate the sciatic nerve.
Towards the back of the body.
Range of Motion or ROM
The range through which a joint can move.
Pain felt in one part of the body, due to nerve irritation elsewhere, usually near the spine.
An involuntary action resulting in a stimulus.
The two joints in the pelvis connecting the ileum (hip) to the sacrum.
Triangular bone in the middle of the pelvis at the base of the spine.
Pain radiating from low back, across buttock, down back of leg caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve. The largest nerve in the body.
Sideways curvature of the spine.
Incorrect name given to a disc which has bulged or ruptured.
Term used by Chiropractors to describe a malfunction or misalignment of the spine, affecting the nervous system and it's ability to control the organs and tissues of the body.
Surface Electromyography or SEMG
Aprocedure to measure electrical activity in muscles, using electrodes attached to the skin.
Fibrous tissue that connects muscles to bone.
The 12 vertebrae to which the ribs are attached.
A painful state of the neck, with inflammation and muscle spasm resulting in loss of movement.
A sideways protrusion of each vertebra to which muscles and ligaments attach.
An individual bone of the spinal column. (Plural: Vertebrae).
Artery that thread through holes in the 6 upper cervical vertebrae.